Important national missions National Food Security Mission & National Dairy Plan-I Static gk part- III

National Food Security Mission.


  • It is a centrally sponsored scheme.
  •  It is launched to enhance the production of Rice, Wheat, Pulses, Coarse Cereals, and commercial crops (Cotton, jute, and Sugarcane). 
  •  Targets - Production of rice, wheat and pulses would be increased by 10, 8, 4 million tonnes respectively and  
  • Coarse cereals by 3 million tonnes. 
  •  Funding - 50:50 by Centre and State for food crops and 100% center funding for cash crops. 
  • It would be implemented through cluster demonstration, distribution of high yield seeds with farm mechanization, &Integrated pest management. 
  •  (Note - National Food Security Act is different from the Mission and the act is administered by the Ministry of  Consumer Affairs).

National Dairy Plan-I

  •  NDP I is a Central Sector Scheme for a period of 2011-12 to 2018-19.  
It is a multi-state initiative with the following Project Development Objectives :
i. To help increase the productivity of milch animals and thereby increase milk production to meet the rapidly  
growing demand for milk 
ii. To help provide rural milk producers with greater access to the organized milk-processing sector 

  • It has focused on the development and conservation of indigenous breeds of cattle and buffalo through the implementation of progeny testing and a pedigree selection program. 
i. 6 indigenous breeds of cattle (Gir, Sahiwal, Rathi, Kankrej, Tharparkar, and Hariana) 
ii. 6 buffalo breeds (Murrah, Mehsana, Jaffarabadi, Nili Ravi, Pandharpuri, and Banni) 
  • Funding will be through a line of credit from the International Development Association (IDA), which along with the share of the Government of India. 
  • NDP I will focus on 18 major milk-producing states which together account for over 90% of the country‘s milk production. 
  • Coverage of NDP I will however be across the country in terms of benefits accruing from the scheme.


  • Gives legal guarantee of wage employment to the adult members of rural households who are willing to do unskilled manual labor subject to a maximum of 100 days per household
  • Applicable for all villages in the District
  • Every rural household has the right to register under MGNREGA
  • Job cards issued to every household registered under MGNREGA
  • Job cards issued within 15 days from the date of receipt of the application for the job card registration
  • The registered job cardholders can seek employment by giving a group / individual application
  • A minimum of 10 job seekers shall apply to sanction a new work under MGNREGA
  • Employment provided by sanctioning one of the works under “Shelf of Works” as identified and prioritized by the village community within 15 days from the date of receipt of applications for providing employment under MGNREGA
  • The village community has the right to choose works under 8 permissible categories of works
  • “Shelf of works” will be identified by the village community for 5 yrs which can be taken up in their villages as per the job demand and entitled personals
  • The works proposed by the village community cannot be altered by anyone unless they are not in conformity with the guidelines of MGNREGA
  • The work shall be provided within 5 km jurisdiction from the village
  • If the work provided is beyond 5 Kms, the job seekers shall be given 10% of the minimum wages as the additional amount
  • State Govt. to pay 25% of minimum wage for the 1st 30 days as compensatory daily unemployment allowance on failure to provide employment for the families demanding the works under MGNREG Act, and ½ of the wage for the remaining period of the year
  • Wages are paid according to State Minimum Wage rate notified under the Minimum Wages Act 1948. The current wage rate is Rs.117/- for all unskilled work and Rs. 120/- for skilled labor.
  • Equal payment for men and women
  • Wages to be paid within a fortnight
  • 1/3 beneficiaries should be women
  • Worksite facilities such as creche, drinking water, and shade have to be provided
  • 60:40 wage and the material ratio has to be maintained for all works undertaken under NREGA
  • No contractors and machinery allowed
  • Grievance redressal mechanism to be set up for ensuring a responsive implementation process
  • Social Audit is a must for all the works implemented under NREGA. The details of Social Audit conducted during 2010-11 and 2011-12 (up to the month of May)
  • Provisions of RTI Act shall be applicable in Letter & Spirit to ensure transparency and accountability

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