Bhopal Gas: The history of terrible tragedy

One of the worst industrial leakage events in human history occurred in Bhopal. Thousands of lives were lost in this dreaded leak of poisonous gas. This catastrophe did not end here but it is having a devastating effect till date. Even after hearing the name of this incident of Bhopal gas tragedy, people still feel stunned. Let's know all the things related to this sad incident today. A terrible industrial accident occurred on 3 December 1984 in Bhopal city of Madhya Pradesh state, India. This is known as Bhopal Gas Scandal, or Bhopal Gas Tragedy. A poisonous gas leak occurred from the factory of Union Carbide, located in Bhopal, which killed more than 15000 people and many people also suffered from various types of physical disability to blindness. 

Union Carbide

 Union Carbide Corporation opened a pesticide factory in India in 1969 under the name of Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL). After 10 years, in 1979, a production plant was set up in Bhopal. An insecticide was produced in this plant named Sevin. Sevin was actually the brand name of a chemical called carberil. The initial steps taken by UCIL were also no less responsible for this incident. At the time when other companies used something else to produce Carbaryl, UCIL used methyl isocyanate (MIC). MIC was a poisonous gas. As production costs were significantly reduced due to the use of MICs, UCIL adopted MICs.

The process of production of Carbaril by UICL was like this:
 Methylamine (Methylene) + Phosgene (Phosgene) = MIC. MIC (MIC) + 1-naphthol (naphthol) = Carbaryl (Carbaryl)

This clip is only added for the Educational purpose and any copyright issue

There was an incident even before the Bhopal gas accident. In 1981, a phosgene gas leak occurred in which a worker was killed. Fosgene gas leak occurred again in January 1982, in which the condition of 24 workers was worsened. He was admitted to the hospital. The leak occurred again in February 1982. But this time there was a leak of MIC. 18 workers were affected in that incident. What happened to those workers is not known yet. It has been 36 years since the Bhopal gas tragedy. Every year on the anniversary of the event, people's memories are renewed. Even today, the affected areas have the effect of poisonous gas. The second and third generations of gas-affected people are vulnerable to some disease. Most children are still born mentally challenged.

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