Question 6 : Explain the concept of equality. What is the relationship between liberty and equality?

Question 6 : Explain the concept of equality. What is the relationship between liberty and equality?

Answer :  

Equality is about ensuring that every individual has an equal opportunity to make the most of their lives and talents. 

It is also the belief that no one should have poorer life chances because of the way they were born, where they come from, what they believe, or whether they have a disability.

Equality recognises that historically certain groups of people with protected characteristics such as race, disability, sex and sexual orientation have experienced discrimination. 

The development of Britain’s anti-discrimination laws took place around the 1970s, aiming to tackle unfair discrimination towards some groups of people in education, employment and the provision of services.

For example, the Sex Discrimination Act was introduced in 1975 to stop discrimination due to a person’s sex. Sex discrimination frequently occurred in the past, particularly in the workplace and specifically towards women.

This is one of many anti-discrimination laws that were introduced to protect people with particular characteristics:

Equal Pay Act 1970

Sex Discrimination Act 1975

Race Relations Act 1976

Disability Discrimination Act 1995

Employment Equality (Religion and Belief) Regulations 2003

Employment Equality (Sexual Orientation) Regulations 2003

Employment Equality (Age) Regulations 2006

Equality Act (Sexual Orientation) Regulations 2007

The Equality Act 2010 was brought in to bring these acts together. All the acts mentioned above have been replaced by the Equality Act 2010.

since fraternity has rarely been considered at all, the famous trilogy has been easily dismissed as a hybrid abortion. Equality implies the deliberate acceptance of social restraints upon individual expansion. It involves the prevention of sensational extremes of wealth and power by public action for the public good. If liberty means, therefore, that every individual shall be free, according to his opportunities, to indulge without limit his appetite for either, it is clearly incompatible, not only with economic and social, but with civil and political, equality, which also prevent the strong exploiting to the full the advantages of their strength, and, indeed, with any habit of life save that of the Cyclops. But freedom for the pike is death for the minnows. It is possible that equality is to be contrasted, not with liberty, but only with a particular interpretation of it.

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