Q. 5. (a) Make a rough draft on the topic: significance of right to vote in a democracy...

Q. 5. (a) Make a rough draft on the topic: significance of right to vote in a democracy. 


Democracy in which peoples get the right to vote

According to Abraham Lincoln's democracy is to the people for the people and by the people. 

Which simply means that the rule of the public will be exist in that nation the word democracy comes from the word Magnakata, from late 17 century in America.

As America is the oldest form of the democracy, and India is a a largest form of the democracy in which every people get the right to vote democracy simply means that everyone have right to vote and people have right to choose their representative representative which was for the citizen which works for the nation it was for the Welfare,  as per our Indian constitution welfare means that a state where every citizen should be treated equally there should be no discrimination there should be complete welfare with the citizens need which can be only done by by using right to vote right to vote is a key of the democracy which plays of very important role to perform the festival of the democracy. 

Elections and votes which always lead the country's democracy on priority. One of the most critical ways that individuals can influence governmental decision-making is through voting. Voting is a formal expression of preference for a candidate for office or for a proposed resolution of an issue. Voting generally takes place in the context of a large-scale national or regional election, however, local and small-scale community elections can be just as critical to individual participation in government.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted unanimously by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948, recognizes the integral role that transparent and open elections play in ensuring the fundamental right to participatory government. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights in Article 21 states:

Everyone has the right to take part in the government of his/her country, directly or through freely chosen representatives.

Everyone has the right of equal access to public service in his country.

The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government; this will shall be expressed in periodic and genuine elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret ballot or by equivalent free voting procedures.

(b) Based on the draft in 5(a), write a paragraph on the importance of exercising your right to 


In the Indian Constitution, Article 326 is embodied with the procedure of electing the members of ‘House of the People and the Legislative Assemblies’ on the basis of adult suffrage. What It means is, “The elections to the House of the People and to the Legislature of each State shall get on the idea of adult suffrage; that is to say, every person who is a citizen of India and who is not less than  [eighteen years] of age on such date as may be fixed in that behalf by or under any law made by the fitting Legislature and is not otherwise disqualified under this Constitution or any law made by the appropriate Legislature on the bottom of non-residence, unsoundness of mind, crime or corrupt or illegal practice, shall be entitled to be registered as a voter at any such election.”

How the 61st Amendment of the Constitution of India has an impact on the eligibility criteria of Voting Rights.

Earlier the minimum voting age was fixed by the Government was 21 which by the 61st Amendment was ratified and amended as 18 will be the minimum age to have a voting right in India to elect members of Lok Sabha and Legislative Assemblies.

The Sixty-First Amendment is additionally referred to as The Constitution (Sixty-first Amendment) Act 1988.

Is the Right to Vote a Human Right?

The right given by the Democratic Government is to take part in the conduct of public affairs, including the right to vote and to stand for election, is based on the will of the people. The Lawful elections are thus a necessary and fundamental component of an environment that protects and promotes human rights.

The right to vote and be elected in genuine, periodic elections is intrinsically linked to a number of other human rights, the enjoyment of which is crucial to a meaningful electoral process. These prerequisite rights include the right to freedom from discrimination, the right to freedom of opinion and expression, the right to freedom of association and of peaceful assembly, and the right to freedom of movement.

This gives a right to individuals to vote. Needless to say, it is a right and not a privilege. This right is closely connected to the right to freedom of speech and freedom of assembly, as it guarantees respect for the pluralism of opinion in a democratic society.

The right to vote is not absolute – It means there are certain conditions can be imposed to make the result limited and conditions can be imposed so long as they pursue a legitimate aim, are proportionate and do not hinder the free expression to the opinion of the people in choosing the legislature.

Conditions could also assail the right to vote, such as minimum age requirements and, in some circumstances, residency. But such restrictions cannot hinder the very essence of the right to vote. In particular, disenfranchisement is a very, serious matter and it will require a discernible and sufficient link between the sanction of disenfranchising someone and therefore the conduct and circumstances of the person being disenfranchised


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